抗地震建筑物弹性构件

Resilient structural member of buildings against earthquake

  • Inventors: LUO DAWEI
  • Assignees: 罗大威
  • Publication Date: December 03, 2008
  • Publication Number: CN-101314968-A

Abstract

The invention relates to an earthquake-resistant elastic component for a building and belongs to the architectural field. The elastic component is used in the main building of a building for relieving the shaking force applied to the building and preventing the loosened floor slab or the wall body from falling. The elastic component comprises an elastic plate frame and an elastic shock absorption strut which are attached under a shed board or in a wall body. The elastic plate frame is composed of a frame formed by crisscrossed steel plates and helical springs distributed in the frame. The elastic shock absorption strut is composed of a box type end head, a helical supporting spring connected with the both ends of the box type end head, a supporting rod penetrating through the spring and extending into the box type end head, and a pressure spring arranged between the end part of the supporting rod and the box wall. The elastic component has the advantage that the shock transferred to the building of the ground can be buffered through the shock absorption strut, so that the damage to the building can be avoided or reduced. The kinetic energy of the falling shed board or the collapsed wall body can be absorbed by the elastic plate frame attached under the shed board or on the wall body during the process of elastic deformation, the phenomenon that the shed board is damaged or the wall body falls on the ground can be prevented, and the indoor casualties and the property damage can be avoided.
抗地震建筑物弹性构件,属于建筑领域,用于建筑物主体建筑之中,缓冲建筑物受到的震动力和阻止松动的楼板或墙体的坠落。包括附着于棚板下或墙体内的弹性板框和弹性缓震支柱。其中的弹性板框由纵横交错的钢板形成的框架和分布在框格中的螺旋弹簧组成。其中的弹性缓震支柱由箱式端头,连接两端箱式端头的螺旋支撑弹簧,穿在弹簧内伸入箱式端头的撑杆,撑杆端部与箱壁间的压力弹簧组成。本发明的有益效果是:缓震支柱能缓冲地面传给建筑物的震动,避免或降低建筑物的毁损。附在棚板下或墙体上的弹性板框能够在弹性变形过程中吸收坠落的棚板或倒塌的墙体的动能,阻止破损棚板或墙体砸落到地面,避免室内人员伤亡和财物的毁损。

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